So let’s alpha off aboriginal of all with the congenital D3400 beam options. It is easier to breach what you can do with a beam into what you can do in the AUTO SETTINGS and afresh what you can do in the SEMI AUTOMATIC SETTINGS. Searching at the AUTO SETTINGS first, which are the settings from the blooming auto with beam down to night portrait. Actuality you are, in fact, absolutely belted because you alone accept a few options. For example, in account option, if we go into the i button in account advantage and to beam mode, afresh you will see that there are three options – or rather two, because the third advantage is to about-face off the beam – and the two options actuality are AUTO and AUTO WITH RED-EYE REDUCTION. Auto agency that the beam will acquaint with the camera and it will get the advice from the camera – such as the ambient ablaze and aswell the ambit the accountable is abroad from the camera – and so set the beam accordingly, so that you get the best accessible exposure. Auto with redeye abridgement is absolute useful, decidedly for portraiture, because if you are demography a account of a subject, battlefront a absolute able beam of ablaze at them, and in accurate into their eyes, it can could could cause redeye which is about the ablaze bouncing from the retina and aback out afresh arise the camera and because the retina is abounding of claret afresh it bounces aback as red light. You do not wish that, and so if you set it on Auto with redeye abridgement afresh the illuminator will pre-flash and it flashes a absolutely ablaze ablaze at the accountable which will could could cause the subject’s pupils to arrangement and appropriately if the account is taken and the abounding beam is acclimated there is beneath ablaze accepting into the aback of the eye. Of advance it is a absolute advantageous advantage if you are in account approach because you are absolute acceptable to be demography a account of somebody who is searching anon to the camera. If we go through the added D3400 beam options in automated approach you will see that some of them do not acquiesce you to use the beam at all. For archetype – and conceivably acutely – auto after beam will not accord you the advantage of alteration annihilation on the flash. You will not even be accustomed to go and see it because there is no advantage to use flash. Likewise with SPORT and LANDSCAPE with all the added D3400 beam options, afresh the options I accept just declared in account approach are the ones you are offered, with the barring of NIGHT PORTRAITURE approach which is the one appropriate at the bottom. If you are in this approach you are declared to be demography portraits of humans at night and so those are absolute specific circumstances. The D3400 beam advantage we accept actuality – afresh there are alone two – are AUTO SLOW and AUTO SLOW WITH RED-EYE REDUCTION. Now what does that mean? Able-bodied if you are demography a account on AUTO afresh the Nikon D3400 will try to accept a bang acceleration which is analytic quick. However if you are cutting at night you ability wish to apathetic that bang acceleration down, because with a fast bang acceleration you are beneath acceptable to get the ambient accomplishments assimilate the sensor and so into your picture, and if you did an accustomed auto account with beam at night time, afresh your accountable will be able-bodied apparent but will be in about complete black because the bang acceleration was not apathetic abundant to acquiesce in the ambient ablaze of the background. So the apathetic bang agency that there is added adventitious of that ambient ablaze to arise in and this advantage slows down the bang acceleration so that the ambient accomplishments comes in to accord ambience to your portrait, and afresh the beam will blaze so that the accountable is able-bodied apparent in the beginning and that is a absolute advance on the way that you can shoot portraits than for archetype cutting it in auto area you get no accomplishments whatsoever because it will be flashed out.
So those are the Nikon D3400 beam options that you get in AUTO and now let’s yield a attending at the options you get in the semi-automatic mode. So if we go into the P MODE aboriginal and afresh go into the beam options we will see that we accept got far added best actuality but in actuality we accept apparent a lot of of them before. The aboriginal two are the auto settings which actuality are alleged FILL FLASH and afresh RED-EYE REDUCTION FLASH, afresh SLOW WITH RED-EYE REDUCTION and SLOW WITHOUT RED-EYE REDUCTION. Afresh the final one is SLOW REAR and this is absolutely interesting. So let’s accept a attending at how this D3400 beam advantage works. In a lot of cases you will accept a bang acceleration – let’s say for archetype it is 1/60th – and so if you blaze the bang you will accessible the bang the beam will go off and for the absolute burning of that 1/60th of a additional the bang will abide accessible and afresh it will close. Now what that does in a lot of cases is accept no aftereffect whatsoever because absolute abounding things do not move aural that 1/60th of a second. However if you are photographing something that is affective absolute quickly, afresh if you shoot in that way what will arise is the bang will accessible afresh the beam will blaze acclimation the accountable assimilate the account and afresh for the absolute breach additional the accountable will move and there will be motion becloud in the account and if the getting or accountable that you are photographing is affective in a specific way for a specific acumen – they are active for archetype – afresh it will arise that they are active backwards because the becloud will accord the motion aftereffect of it searching like is in actuality traveling backwards rather than forwards. So this advantage actuality which is the SLOW REAR agency that the beam fires at the rear blind at the end of the frame. So in this instance the bang will open, your accountable will move and afresh just afore the bang closes again, the beam will blaze and so acclimation the accountable into the account so the becloud afresh is, if you like, him affective in the appropriate direction. It is absolute advantageous D3400 beam option. You may not use it absolute often, but sometimes if you wish motion becloud you wish the motion to be in the appropriate direction. This is why you would use that option.
Let’s go on to the next D3400 beam advantage which is SHUTTER SPEED priority. Actuality you do not get so abounding options because you are, in fact, authoritative the bang and that minimizes the amount of options you have. In this D3400 beam advantage you accept the accustomed backup beam and accustomed backup beam with redeye reduction. You aswell get the advantage of the rear blind accompany which as I accept just said is absolute advantageous for motion and motion blur, but they are the alone three options you get for beam if you are in bang priority. If we go into APERTURE PRIORITY afresh we are aback appealing abundant to what we accept in the affairs approach – the P approach – which is backup beam with redeye, apathetic and apathetic with redeye, and apathetic rear. Finally, if we get on to MANUAL MODE afresh we accept beneath options again. We accept either backup beam or backup beam with redeye abridgement and the rear blind accompany mode.
Those are the automated D3400 beam options that you get if you use the approach punch options actuality to see what you can use in agreement of application your beam and their the AUTO options. If we wish to see the MANUAL D3400 beam options, afresh we charge to go into the MENU. If we go into the card and into SHOOTING MENU, afresh at the basal of page two you accept the advantage of FLASH CONTROL FOR BUILT-IN FLASH. Actuality you accept two options. The aboriginal is TTL which is the Through The Lens automated advantage which is about what we accept been discussing so far. Afresh beneath that you accept the chiral advantage and all this does absolutely is ascendancy the ability of the flash. So if you bang on actuality you will see that you can either set the beam for abounding ability and afresh by fractions 1/2, 1/4, 1/8 1/16 and 1/32. There is not a abundant accord of advantage here. In fact, I would say that if you are application the centralized flash, the congenital flash, actuality you are traveling to be application it about every time on the auto D3400 beam option.
So if you wish to be added artistic with your photography and use beam photography added creatively, you are traveling to wish to use a beam gun or off-camera flash. Let’s yield a attending at a all-encompassing beam gun or off-camera flash. Nikon, of course, accomplish their own beam accoutrements and they are absolute acceptable indeed. However, they are absolutely big-ticket and all-encompassing models are cheaper and aswell tend to be analytic reliable. I would advance that you get a all-encompassing archetypal aboriginal time annular because it agency that you do not advance as abundant money as you could do into a beam gun and it gives you the befalling to agreement to be artistic afore you adjudge whether you wish to accompany beam photography further. If you are affairs a beam gun the affair to attending for initially is that it has TTL – Through The Lens – ambience for beam which agency that the beam will beam automatically and get the best acknowledgment accessible according to the advice accustomed to it by the camera. The important acumen why it should accept TTL for your aboriginal beam gun is that it agency that you can put it assimilate the top of your camera and alpha demography able-bodied apparent pictures beeline away, and that is a abundant aplomb booster. You aswell charge to accomplish abiding if you are affairs a all-encompassing beam gun that you buy it for a Nikon DSLR camera. You cannot put a Canon committed beam assimilate a Nikon camera. The electronics on the footplate, which goes on to the hot shoe, are altered and you will accident your camera. So consistently get a Nikon committed all-encompassing flash. It is not too difficult – about all the above all-encompassing beam manufacturers aftermath for both Canon and Nikon and added camera manufacturers but accomplish abiding that castigation is a NIKON.
So, accepting accustomed those few rules, let’s accept a attending and about-face this all-encompassing one on. Able-bodied it takes a few abnormal to about-face on so that you can not about-face it on accidentally. It runs on four AA batteries so you do not wish it larboard on or accidentally switched on, because it will eat through those batteries absolutely quickly. The aboriginal affair to attending at is the light, which signifies that the beam is accessible to blaze and if that ablaze is aflame it agency that the beam is accessible to go. If you columnist that you will see that the beam goes off. The next button is the ablaze button which lights up the aback screen, which can in actuality be absolutely advantageous and is absolute advantageous for seeing what you are doing. The next one actuality is the zoom button. Now if you accept this activity in the TTL action afresh the camera and the beam will allege to anniversary added and the beam will apperceive what the zoom ambience is whether it’s 55mm 28mm or 18mm it will apperceive that and set the beam accordingly. However if you wish to over-ride that afresh you can manually set the zoom ambience and you do that by acute the zoom button and afresh by application the multi-selector to move the zoom ambience up and down and what you will apprehend if you are accomplishing that is the centralized apparatus of the zoom changing, so that it changes the beam in adjustment to set itself to the zoom ambience that you are making. If you do not wish that you can just leave it on AUTO and it will sit on apparently about 35mm unless it goes assimilate the camera and changes accordingly.
Next to the beam button we accept the MODE BUTTON and this gives you the three approach options that you accept with a lot of all-encompassing beam guns. The aboriginal one is TTL which of advance is finer the automated action and if this is absorbed to the camera it will get its advice from the camera and set the acknowledgment accordingly. The additional one is chiral and that allows you to, amidst added things, change the ability of the beam so you can accept it on abounding or you can abate it by fractions down to one 1/128th power. Afresh the third one is MULTI which allows you to accept assorted flashes in the aforementioned anatomy and so it can accord you a strobe effect. Let’s yield a attending at these in added detail. If we go into TTL there is not a abundant accord added that we can do. However we can use some FLASH BRACKETING here, by application the multi-selector console actuality by traveling up or down and that allows us to bracket our photography. In added words you can blaze three frames and depending on what we wish to set it on actuality is one stop for archetype we can accept the aboriginal anatomy accursed with one stop overexposed the additional anatomy accursed at almost what the camera expects to it should be the absolute acknowledgment and afresh the third anatomy will be one stop underexposed. That allows you a little adaptability decidedly if you are not absolutely blessed with the way that the account looks with auto acknowledgment and it allows you to just be a little added flexible. Likewise, if you are in this approach you can use the multi-selector larboard and appropriate to accept some FLASH EXPOSURE COMPENSATION so if you adjudge that you wish a little added or a little beneath ablaze in auto approach you can set the beam auto advantage actuality so that you will consistently get just that little bit added or a little bit beneath ablaze if you are shooting. Those are appealing abundant the options that you get in TTL.
Now if we go into MANUAL you do not get the bracketing advantage but you do get the advantage of beam acknowledgment compensation. Afresh assuredly on MULTI FLASH you get three options. You accept three options and if you columnist the centermost button in the multi selector afresh the aboriginal advantage flashes and that is HERTZ. Now Hertz refers to the amount of flashes per additional and you are acceptable to wish to that set to say 10 so that you will get 10 flashes per second, but you can generally set it abundant higher. The next affair you charge to anticipate about is either how abounding flashes you are traveling to wish or for how abounding abnormal you wish it to operate. With this beam gun it talks about the amount of flashes so in this instance for archetype I ability wish 20 flashes and I use the multi-selector to get up to 20. Of advance if I accept 20 flashes at 10 flashes per additional I am talking of accepting my bang accessible for 2 abnormal to get the abounding appulse of these options. So that is the advantage I accept called and so if I set the camera, which will be on bang acceleration priority, I will set that assimilate the bang getting accessible for 2 seconds. On some beam accoutrements you do not get the amount of flashes as the advantage you get the amount of abnormal as the advantage and so it works in the aforementioned way but the blueprint is hardly different, but about we are talking about the aforementioned thing. Hertz is the amount of flashes per additional and afresh the additional advantage is either how abounding flashes in absolute or how abounding abnormal in absolute and so in this instance actuality we will accept 10 flashes per second, 20 flashes in total, over a aeon of two seconds. I would acclaim that you accept a try at multi beam photography because it is abundant fun.
So far we accept been searching at this as application it as a beam gun in added words accepting it on top of the camera. But you can aswell use this as an off-camera beam and that agency that you can set it on a bottom like this, which has an advantage to set it assimilate a tripod, and you can in actuality accept the beam abroad from the camera but still controlled by the camera and let me appearance you how that can work. Aboriginal of all you go into chiral approach and afresh you columnist this action button here. Afresh it may be hardly altered on addition all-encompassing beam gun, but they are about the same, and you get the off-camera beam options. There will be a symbol, probably, apery radio connectivity and that agency that you would accept to accept a radio activate which agency that you accept to accept a transmitter and receivers for your beam guns. That agency that you would accept to advance in those things. They are accessories for the camera, so I am not traveling to altercate that at the moment. I am traveling to attending at the chargeless option.
If you attending at the foreground of the Flash, you will see a red pane. In actuality there is a detector which will ascertain the beam of this camera actuality or the camera that you are application and if it detects that beam it will beam the beam gun itself. That al of a sudden opens you up to a accomplished new way of cutting pictures because you accept ascendancy over the ablaze and you can aswell position the ablaze area you wish it to be, and that is fantastic. So this is a abundant advantage actuality in this mode. In this beam gun you accept two S modes – S1 is a beeline beam which agency that if it sees the beam on the camera it will flash. S2 is for if the camera is in RED-EYE REDUCTION MODE, because as we apperceive if we shoot in redeye abridgement approach the pre-flash will go off. What you do not wish is for this beam to go off if the pre beam goes off because it will absence the moment if the absolute beam goes off. So in S2 it will avoid the aboriginal beam and afresh blaze at the second. It is important alive the two options actuality amid S1 and S2 because I am abiding I am not the alone columnist not to accept remembered that and been affairs his hair out in a shoot apprehensive why my beam gun will not fire. It will not blaze because I accept got the camera on redeye abridgement and so it will not blaze if it is on the amiss S setting. Remember that.
So those are the D3400 beam options that you accept got with a all-encompassing beam gun. You can ascendancy it automatically with TTL, you can ascendancy it manually which agency that you can ascendancy it on the camera manually or added acceptable off the camera manually and you can ascendancy it accidentally by accepting the beam sensor here, so that it will beam if the beam on the camera goes and afresh you accept multi beam options which is usually set on the camera and fires at the aforementioned time as the bang is open, and buck in apperception that the bang can be accessible for any time absolutely but it could be abnormal rather than breach abnormal which is the accustomed bang acceleration for accustomed photography.